Archived report. The financial crisis led some governments around the world to reconsider how to best counter the downturn and reposition for growth in the future. As a result, infrastructure investment, and in particular, broadband development, has become a key focus for some countries such as the USA, UK, Australia, New Zealand etc, which have included broadband networks in their economic stimulus packages. This is helping to further facilitate the continuing move to a Next Generation Telecoms environment based on All-IP Next Generation Networks and Fibre-to-the-Home. E-health, e-education, media and sustainability are also the key reasons developed nations need NGNs. In this report we explore the next generation infrastructure of the future including Fibre (FttH), IP, VPLS and Unified Communications.