Ghana led the way in telecommunications liberalisation and deregulation in Africa when it privatised Ghana Telecom (GT) as early as 1996. Following the exit of the investor, the company was re-privatised to Vodafone in 2008. Similarly, the second national operator, Westel, was re-privatised a year earlier and became a member of the Zain Group, one of Africa’s leading mobile operators which was taken over by Bharti Airtel of India in 2010. The arrival of three new international submarine fibre optic cables between 2010 and 2012 – Glo-1, Main One and WACS – has finally brought competition to the international bandwidth sector previously dominated by GT with its shareholding in the SAT-3/WASC cable. This, in combination with national fibre backbone networks that are being rolled out by various players, is revolutionising the country’s broadband market and paving the way for convergence of technologies and services.
Fourth international submarine fibre optic cable launched;
Fixed-mobile substitution continues.
Companies covered in this report:
Vodafone (Ghana Telecom); Telkom Malaysia; Telenor; Bharti Airtel (Zain/Celtel, Westel); Capital Telecom; Globacom, Main One; VoltaCom; Phase3 Telecom; Suburban Telecom.