Burkina Faso - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

Executive summary

Airtel launches an m-health insurance service, following success in Ghana

Despite fresh investment in Burkina Faso’s telecom sector, new technologies have been slow to take hold. Delays in the development of a 3G service have hobbled the potential of broadband services. Nevertheless, the poor state of fixed-line networks have meant that in recent years the number of fixed-line subscribers has fallen steadily as customers migrate to the limited services available from the three mobile network operators. The fixed-line incumbent Onatel, majority-owned by Maroc Telecom, operates the country’s fixed-line network, a CDMA2000 wireless network, a fibre optic backbone and one of three GSM mobile networks, Telmob.

Mobile telephony has experienced strong growth since competition was introduced in 2000 by Celtel/Zain (now Bharti Airtel) and Telecel International (now Moov). Although market penetration remains below the African average, is continues to grow steadily, including a 30% growth in the number of subscribers in 2012 alone.

Onatel’s FasoNet is the country’s leading internet service provider, dominating the broadband market with its ADSL and EV-DO offerings. Penetration rates in this sector are still extremely low and services remain expensive despite some price cuts since 2011. Being landlocked, Burkina Faso for long depended on expensive satellite links for its international bandwidth, though in recent years connectivity has been facilitated by transit fibre links through neighbouring countries which have access to the region’s international fibre optic submarine cables: the four submarine cables which land in Ghana have reduced the cost of international bandwidth. A number of Burkina Faso’s other neighbouring countries also have access to multiple international cables. However, consumers and the country’s entire economy will only benefit from lower broadband prices if Onatel passes these cost savings on to them and also to other ISPs on the wholesale level.

The mobile operators have entered the underdeveloped internet sector by offering mobile data services using GPRS and EDGE technology, but third generation (3G) mobile broadband technology has not yet been introduced except for Onatel’s EV-DO fixed-wireless service. An international tender for a new combined fixed and mobile licence was unsuccessful in 2010, while Viettel emerged as a bidder for the much delayed fourth mobile licence.

Estimated market penetration rates in Burkina Faso’s telecoms sector – end-2014 (e)

Market
Penetration rate
Mobile
71%
Fixed
0.7%
Internet users
5.3%

(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Key developments:

DTT scheme will miss ITU deadline due to lack of funding; SkyVision deploys a telecom network for Bank of Africa; Airtel and MTN launch money transfer service between Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast; regulator imposes fines on MNOs for breaches of network coverage and QoS conditions; Finance Act 2014 mandates a 5% tax on telcos; auction to licence a fourth mobile player was scrapped by the government due to poor market interest Maroc Telecom inaugurates new telecom cable; international internet bandwidth increases to 1.1Gb/s; Maroc Telecom deploys new cable linking Burkina Faso to Morocco, Mauritania, Mali and Niger; mobile penetration grows on the back of poor fixed-line infrastructure; Onatel reports a 6% growth in revenue for 2013; report includes the regulator’s annual reports and market statistical updates to June 2014; telcos’ financial and operating data to Q4 2014, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Onatel, Telmob, Bharti Airtel (Zain, Celtel), Moov (Telecel, Etisalat), FasoNet, ZCP, Delgi, Cenatrin, CFAO Technologies, River Telecom, Net Access, Maroc Telecom, Vivendi.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
    • 2.1 Country overview
  • 3. Telecommunications market
    • 3.1 Market analysis
  • 4. Regulatory environment
    • 4.1 Historic background
    • 4.2 Regulatory authority
      • 4.2.1 ARCE (formerly Artel)
    • 4.3 NICI development plan
    • 4.4 West African common regulatory framework 2005
    • 4.5 Market liberalisation
      • 4.5.1 Second fixed-line and fourth mobile licence
    • 4.6 Universal Service Fund
  • 5. Fixed-network operators in Burkina Faso
    • 5.1 Onatel
      • 5.1.1 Services
      • 5.1.2 Privatisation
      • 5.1.3 IPO
      • 5.1.4 National telecom network
      • 5.1.5 Fixed-line statistics
      • 5.1.6 Wireless Local Loop (WLL), CDMA2000 1x
      • 5.1.7 National fibre backbone
    • 5.2 International infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.1.1 Internet statistics
    • 6.2 Public Internet access locations
    • 6.3 Low-cost computers
    • 6.4 ISP market
      • 6.4.1 Onatel (FasoNet)
      • 6.4.2 Other ISPs
    • 6.5 Broadband Infrastructure
      • 6.5.1 Overview
      • 6.5.2 ADSL
      • 6.5.3 WiMAX
      • 6.5.4 Broadband via satellite
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
  • 8. Digital Economy
    • 8.1 E-government
  • 9. Mobile communications
    • 9.1 Overview of Burkina Faso’s mobile market
      • 9.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 9.2 Major mobile operators
      • 9.2.1 Airtel Burkina Faso (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 9.2.2 Telmob (Onatel)
      • 9.2.3 Moov (Telecel, Etisalat)
    • 9.3 Mobile infrastructure
      • 9.3.1 SMS
      • 9.3.2 MMS
      • 9.3.3 GPRS, EDGE
      • 9.3.4 EV-DO
      • 9.3.5 Third generation (3G)
    • 9.4 Mobile satellite services
    • 9.5 Mobile Services
      • 9.5.1 M-Health
      • 9.5.2 M-payment
  • 10. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Burkina Faso – 2014 (e)
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2017 (e)
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2014
  • Table 4 – Internet and social media user statistics – 2014 (e)
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2014 (e)
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Onatel subscribers by service – 2010- 2014
  • Table 8 – Onatel financial data – 2011 - 2014
  • Table 9 –Fixed-line market revenue and investment – 2013 - 2014
  • Table 10 – Historic - Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 11 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 12 – Burkina Faso's international internet bandwidth – 2002 - 2013
  • Table 13 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 14 – Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 15 – Fixed-line internet subscribers – 2006 - 2015
  • Table 16 – Mobile internet subscribers – 2011 - 2014
  • Table 17 – FasoNet (Onatel) internet subscribers – 2006 - 2014
  • Table 18 – ADSL (Onatel) subscribers in Burkina Faso – 2005 - 2013
  • Table 19 – FasoNet (Onatel) ADSL pricing – 2010 vs. 2013
  • Table 20 – Wireless broadband subscribers in Burkina Faso – 2007 - 2013
  • Table 21 –Mobile market revenue and investment – 2013 - 2014
  • Table 22 – Mobile prepaid tariffs by operator and service – June 2014
  • Table 23 – Mobile contract tariffs by operator and service – June 2014
  • Table 24 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 25 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2010 - 2015
  • Table 26 – Mobile operator market share of subscribers – 2011 - 2014
  • Table 27 – Bharti Airtel mobile subscribers – 2006 - 2014
  • Table 28 – Onatel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
  • Table 29 – Onatel mobile services revenue – 2011 - 2014
  • Table 30 – Onatel annualised ARPU – 2011 - 2014
  • Table 31 – Telecel mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2014
  • Table 32 – Telecel mobile subscribers and penetration – 2013 - 2015
  • Chart 1 – Onatel subscribers by service – 2010- 2014
  • Chart 2 – Fixed-lines in service and teledensity in Burkina Faso – 2005 – 2015
  • Chart 3 – Internet users and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2005 – 2015
  • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2005 - 2015
  • Exhibit 1 – Map of Burkina Faso
  • Exhibit 2 – West African common regulatory framework 2005

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