Angola - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Market Insights, Statistics and Forecasts

Executive summary

SACS cable to provide links to cable systems to the US by end-2015

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Angola’s telecommunications market. Subjects covered in this half-yearly update include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
  • Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, restructuring, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Infrastructure development;
  • International submarine fibre optic cables;
  • National fibre backbone networks;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Internet and broadband development and pricing, including 3G and 4G mobile (LTE);
  • Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile);
  • Mobile market forecasts for 2015 and 2018.

Following the end of a decades-long civil war in 2002, foreign investment in Angola has intensified. This has had a knock-on effect in the telecoms sector, where there has been considerable interest in national infrastructure upgrades, as well as in developing addition international capacity, as seen in the SACS cable between Angola and Brazil, expected to be lit later in 2015. The mobile market remains vibrant despite a continued duopoly between Unitel and Angola Telecom’s Movicel. Nevertheless, additional competition from a new unified licensing regime should accelerate growth further.

The government in recent years has aimed to develop telecom capacity in a bid to diversify the country’s economy and lessen its dependence on offshore crude oil production, which accounts for almost all exports and up to 80% of tax revenue. By extending and upgrading telecom networks the government expects businesses to become more efficient and for e-commerce to become a more prominent feature of economic growth. In addition, networks will facilitate rural access to education and health care. In the World Bank’s ‘Ease of Doing Business Index’ for June 2013 Angola ranked 179th of 189 countries benchmarked, falling to 181st in the June 2014 report.

Competition was also introduced in the underdeveloped fixed-line market, but launch delays and consolidation among the newly licensed players have led to a duopoly in this sector as well between Angola Telecom (AT) and Mercury Telecom. After three years of loss-making operations, Telecom Namibia pulled out of its investment in fixed-wireless operator Mundo Startel, citing regulatory obstacles.

EV-DO and WiMAX-based fixed-wireless as well as 3G and 4G (LTE) mobile broadband services are now also providing more internet access choices for consumers, competing with AT's ADSL, cable modem and Fibre to the Home (FttH) services. Prices have started to come down with the landing of WACS, the second international fibre optic submarine cable in the country, following years of monopolisation by AT of SAT-3/WASC, the only international cable serving the country until 2012. The operators have budgeted billions of $ in investments into mobile broadband and national fibre backbone networks for the period 2013-15.

Angola Telecom is going through a restructuring process with the help of international consultants, which is seen as a step towards greater liberalisation of the country’s telecom market, improved efficiency of the national telco and its eventual privatisation. A majority stake in its mobile unit, Movicel has already been sold to private investors and a migration from CDMA to GSM/UMTS/LTE technology has delivered a boost to the mobile market in the past two years. AT has national and international fibre, copper and satellite infrastructure assets worth billions of $. As part of the restructuring program, the government injected more than $300 million into the company in 2012. Angola is preparing to launch its first own communications satellite into orbit in 2014.

Market highlights:

Angola Cables progressing with South Atlantic Cable System linking Luanda with Brazil, joins consortium for the Americas Cable from Brazil to the US; Angosat expected to be operational in the first quarter of 2017; Oi to sell stake in Africatel Holdings; Intelsat signs multi-year agreement with MS Telcom to provide broadband services to the gas, oil and banking sectors; National Centre for Information Technology (NITC) launches its Angola Online project to provide free WiFi access; Multitel migrates network from WiMAX to TD-LTE; PRIT project extends Angola Telecom’s broadband network to Uige province; government releases its National Plan for Information Society (PNSI) and Strategic Plan for Electronic Government 2013-2017; first LTE-Advanced service launched; FttP and national fibre backbone network rollouts; Angola Telecom continues with restructuring, launches a stand-alone broadband offering; report updates include recent market developments.

Estimated market penetration rates in Angola’s telecoms sector – end-2014

Penetration rate

(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Companies covered in this report:

Angola Telecom; Movicel/MoviNet; Unitel; Mercury Telecom (MS Telecom); Telesel; Nexus; Mundo Startel (Telecom Namibia); Wezacom; Main One; Angola Cable; Angola Communication Systems (ACS); Snet; Multitel; Maxnet; Net One, Internet Technologies Group (ITG); TV Cabo (Visabeira); Portugal Telecom; Angola Cables.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
    • 2.1 Country overview
  • 3. Telecommunications market
    • 3.1 Market analysis
  • 4. Regulatory environment
    • 4.1 Basic Telecommunications Law 2001
    • 4.2 Regulatory authority
      • 4.2.1 Angola Institute of Communications (INACOM)
    • 4.3 Universal Service Fund
    • 4.4 Interconnection
    • 4.5 Telecom sector liberalisation in Angola
    • 4.6 Foreign ownership
  • 5. Fixed network operators in Angola
    • 5.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 5.2 Angola Telecom (AT)
      • 5.2.1 Financial performance
      • 5.2.2 Privatisation
      • 5.2.3 Fixed-line infrastructure
      • 5.2.4 Wireless local loop
      • 5.2.5 National fibre backbone network
      • 5.2.6 Angosat
      • 5.2.7 Infrasat
    • 5.3 Mercury Telecom (MS Telcom)
      • 5.3.1 National backbone network
    • 5.4 Telesel/Nexus
    • 5.5 Mundo Startel
    • 5.6 Wezacom
  • 6. International infrastructure
    • 6.1 Satellite
    • 6.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 6.2.1 SAT-3/WASC
      • 6.2.2 WACS
      • 6.2.3 Main One
      • 6.2.4 WASACE
      • 6.2.5 Angola Cables, SACS
  • 7. Internet market
    • 7.1 A difficult beginning in times of war
    • 7.2 Internet statistics
    • 7.3 Public telecentres and cybercafes
    • 7.4 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
    • 7.5 Angola’s ISP market
      • 7.5.1 Nexus
      • 7.5.2 Angola Communication Systems (ACS)
      • 7.5.3 MoviNet
      • 7.5.4 Snet
      • 7.5.5 Multitel
      • 7.5.6 Maxnet
      • 7.5.7 Net One
      • 7.5.8 Internet Technologies Group (ITG)
  • 8. Broadband market
    • 8.1 ADSL
    • 8.2 Wireless broadband
    • 8.3 Satellite broadband
  • 9. Convergence
    • 9.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephony
    • 9.2 Broadband over Cable TV (TV Cabo)
    • 9.3 FttX
    • 9.4 Triple play
    • 9.5 E-government
  • 10. Mobile communications
    • 10.1 Overview of Angola’s mobile market
      • 10.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 10.2 Major mobile operators
      • 10.2.1 Movicel (Angola Telecom)
      • 10.2.2 Unitel
    • 10.3 Third generation (3G) mobile data services
    • 10.4 Long-term Evolution (LTE/4G)
    • 10.5 Satellite mobile
  • 11. Forecasts
    • 11.1 Forecast mobile market – 2015; 2018
    • 11.2 Notes on scenario forecasts
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Angola – 2014
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2014
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2014
  • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2014
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2014
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola – 2000 - 2015
  • Table 8 – Historic - Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 - 2004
  • Table 9 – Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 2005 - 2014
  • Table 10 – Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration – 2009- 2014
  • Table 11 – TV Cabo broadband pricing – 2015
  • Table 12 – Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 - 2004
  • Table 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola – 2005 - 2015
  • Table 14 – Unitel 3G broadband pricing – 2015
  • Table 15 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Angola – 2015; 2018
  • Chart 1 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola – 2000 – 2015
  • Chart 2 – Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 2005 – 2014
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers in Angola – 2005 - 2015

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