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Angola - Telecoms, Mobile, Broadband and Forecasts

Executive summary

Angola Telecom plans to return to profitability in 2015 with government assistance

This report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Angola’s telecommunications market. Subjects covered in this half-yearly update include:

  • Key statistics;
  • Market and industry overviews;
  • Government policies affecting the telecoms industry;
  • Market liberalisation and regulatory issues;
  • Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);
  • Telecoms operators – privatisation, restructuring, acquisitions, new licences;
  • Infrastructure development;
  • International submarine fibre optic cables;
  • National fibre backbone networks;
  • Mobile voice and data markets;
  • Internet and broadband development and pricing, including 3G and 4G mobile (LTE);
  • Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile);
  • Mobile market forecasts for 2015 and 2018.

Angola is the second-largest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa. With peace restored in 2002 after decades of civil war, foreign investment has multiplied and the mobile market has soared despite a continued duopoly between Unitel and Angola Telecom’s Movicel. Intensified competition from a new unified licensing regime could accelerate growth further. Several multinational operators have expressed interest in taking up a licence or other strategic investments in Angola in the US$100 million range.

Competition was also introduced in the underdeveloped fixed-line market, but launch delays and consolidation among the newly licensed players have led to a duopoly in this sector as well between Angola Telecom (AT) and Mercury Telecom. After three years of loss-making operations, Telecom Namibia pulled out of its investment in fixed-wireless operator Mundo Startel, citing regulatory obstacles.

EV-DO and WiMAX-based fixed-wireless as well as 3G and 4G (LTE) mobile broadband services are now also providing more internet access choices for consumers, competing with AT's ADSL, cable modem and Fibre to the Home (FttH) services. Prices have started to come down with the landing of WACS, the second international fibre optic submarine cable in the country, following years of monopolisation by AT of SAT-3/WASC, the only international cable serving the country until 2012. The operators have budgeted billions of US$ in investments into mobile broadband and national fibre backbone networks for the period 2013-15.

Angola Telecom is going through a restructuring process with the help of international consultants, which is seen as a step towards greater liberalisation of the country’s telecom market, improved efficiency of the national telco and its eventual privatisation. A majority stake in its mobile unit, Movicel has already been sold to private investors and a migration from CDMA to GSM/UMTS/LTE technology has delivered a boost to the mobile market in the past two years. AT has national and international fibre, copper and satellite infrastructure assets worth billions of US$. As part of the restructuring program, the government injected more than US$300 million into the company in 2012. Angola is preparing to launch its first own communications satellite into orbit in 2014.

Market highlights:

  • First LTE-Advanced service launched;
  • New 40Tb/s international cable planned;
  • FttH and national fibre backbone network rollouts;
  • Billions of US$ in investments budgeted for 2013-15;
  • Angola Telecom restructuring.

Estimated market penetration rates in Angola’s telecoms sector – end-2014

Market
Penetration rate
Mobile
70%
Fixed
1.5%
Internet
26%

(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Companies covered in this report:

Angola Telecom; Movicel/MoviNet; Unitel; Mercury Telecom (MS Telecom); Telesel; Nexus; Mundo Startel (Telecom Namibia); Wezacom; Main One; Angola Cable; Angola Communication Systems (ACS); Snet; Multitel; Maxnet; Net One, Internet Technologies Group (ITG); TV Cabo (Visabeira); Portugal Telecom; Angola Cables.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Executive summary
  • 2. Key statistics
    • 2.1 Country overview
  • 3. Telecommunications market
    • 3.1 Market analysis 2014
  • 4. Regulatory environment
    • 4.1 Basic Telecommunications Law 2001
    • 4.2 Regulatory authority
      • 4.2.1 Angola Institute of Communications (INACOM)
    • 4.3 Universal Service Fund
    • 4.4 Interconnection
    • 4.5 Telecom sector liberalisation in Angola
    • 4.6 Foreign ownership
  • 5. Fixed network operators in Angola
    • 5.1 Fixed-line statistics
    • 5.2 Angola Telecom (AT)
      • 5.2.1 Financial performance
      • 5.2.2 Privatisation
      • 5.2.3 Fixed-line infrastructure
      • 5.2.4 Wireless local loop
      • 5.2.5 National fibre backbone network
      • 5.2.6 Angosat
      • 5.2.7 Infrasat
    • 5.3 Mercury Telecom (MS Telcom)
      • 5.3.1 National backbone network
    • 5.4 Telesel/Nexus
    • 5.5 Mundo Startel
    • 5.6 Wezacom
  • 6. International infrastructure
    • 6.1 Satellite
    • 6.2 Submarine cable networks
      • 6.2.1 SAT-3/WASC
      • 6.2.2 WACS
      • 6.2.3 Main One
      • 6.2.4 WASACE
      • 6.2.5 Angola Cables, SACS
  • 7. Internet market
    • 7.1 A difficult beginning in war times
    • 7.2 Internet statistics
    • 7.3 Public telecentres and cybercafes
    • 7.4 Internet Exchange Point (IXP)
    • 7.5 Angola’s ISP market
      • 7.5.1 Nexus
      • 7.5.2 Angola Communication Systems (ACS)
      • 7.5.3 MoviNet
      • 7.5.4 Snet
      • 7.5.5 Multitel
      • 7.5.6 Maxnet
      • 7.5.7 Net One
      • 7.5.8 Internet Technologies Group (ITG)
  • 8. Broadband market
    • 8.1 ADSL
    • 8.2 Wireless broadband
  • 9. Convergence
    • 9.1 Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) telephony
    • 9.2 Broadband over Cable TV (TV Cabo)
    • 9.3 FttX
    • 9.4 Triple play
    • 9.5 E-government
  • 10. Mobile communications
    • 10.1 Overview of Angola’s mobile market
      • 10.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 10.2 Major mobile operators
      • 10.2.1 Movicel (Angola Telecom)
      • 10.2.2 Unitel
    • 10.3 Third generation (3G) mobile data services
    • 10.4 LTE (4G)
    • 10.5 Satellite mobile
  • 11. Forecasts
    • 11.1 Forecast mobile market – 2015; 2018
    • 11.2 Notes on scenario forecasts
  • 12. Related reports
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Angola – 2014
  • Table 2 – Fixed-line network statistics – 2014
  • Table 3 – Internet provider statistics – 2014
  • Table 4 – Internet user statistics – 2014
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – 2014
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authority
  • Table 7 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity in Angola – 2000 - 2014
  • Table 8 – Internet users and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 - 2014
  • Table 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 - 2014
  • Table 10 – Mobile subscribers in Angola by operator – June 2013
  • Table 11 – Unitel 3G broadband pricing – 2013/14 vs. 2011
  • Table 12 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Angola – 2015; 2018
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers in Angola – 2002 - 2014

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