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Africa - Mobile Voice Market and Major Network Operators

Publication Overview

This annual report offers a wealth of information on the mobile communications and mobile data markets in 41 African countries. Subjects covered include:

  • Mobile statistics, trends, analysis for each country;
  • Government policies and regulatory issues;
  • Prepaid vs. postpaid;
  • Fixed-mobile convergence;
  • Mobile satellite services;
  • Major mobile operators;
  • Brief company history and overview;
  • Major shareholders;
  • Financial results where available;
  • Technology used – GSM, CDMA, 3G, 4G;
  • Network infrastructure and coverage;
  • Major contracts awarded;
  • Services offered;
  • Average revenue per user (ARPU) where available.

The countries covered in this report include: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Cote d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Researcher:- Peter Lange
Current publication date:- April 2012 (8th Edition)

Executive Summary

Market penetration to reach 60% among Africa's one billion people in 2012

Mobile phones represent more than 90% of all telephone lines in Africa. Market penetration passed the 50% mark in 2010 and is expected to reach 60% in 2012. Subscriber growth across the continent has slowed to around 17% p.a, but several individual markets are still growing at 50% p.a. or more and others stand at only single-digit penetration rates. The continent’s most advanced markets have passed the 100% penetration mark.

Although the greatest demand is in the major cities, cellular solutions are also being employed to increase accessibility in rural and other disadvantaged areas. In addition to mobile networks, Wireless Local Loop (WLL) systems have been introduced in a large number of countries for the provision of fixed-wireless services, with CDMA-2000 1x having evolved as a preferred technology. Additional choices are available through satellite-based mobile services such as Globalstar, ICO, Iridium and Thuraya.

The introduction of prepaid services and a steady decline in tariffs has meant that more than half of Africa’s one billion people can now afford a mobile phone. However, as lower income groups are being targeted, the declining Average Revenue per User (ARPU) is putting pressure on the network operators' profit margins. Literal price wars have broken out in some markets where a large number of operators have been licensed. Despite this, international investors are still very keen to enter the market through new mobile licences or shares in existing mobile operations in Africa.

With their superior national coverage and large subscriber bases, Africa’s mobile network operators have built up a level of market power to the extent that they have been called "the new incumbents". Newly introduced converged licensing regimes have increased the competitive pressure but also allow the mobile operators to branch out into new service segments.

A variety of companies have established themselves as regional major players in Africa’s mobile sector. France Telecom, through its Orange mobile division has established a presence in 18 African countries, South Africa’s MTN in 16, in addition to several in the Middle East. India’s Bharti Airtel took over 15 of the 16 African operations of Kuwait’s Zain for US$10.7 billion and is now operating in a total of 17 African countries.

MTN’s archrival in its South African home market, Vodacom’s expansion across the continent has been limited to a total of only five countries due to restrictions from the partnership agreement with its majority shareholder, Vodafone which itself operates in three countries.

Millicom from Luxembourg was also among the early investors and is now operating under the Tigo brand in seven African countries.

Orascom from Egypt divested most of its sub-Saharan operations between 2002 and 2005, mostly in markets with low penetration and high growth potential, to concentrate on the more developed North African and Middle Eastern markets. However, in 2008 it established a new subsidiary Telecel Globe to re-enter sub-Saharan Africa, including some of the same markets it had abandoned five years earlier.

Other regional players with major funding from the Middle East include the UAE’s Etisalat under the Moov brand, Warid Telecom, and the Lebanon-based Comium Group. Other African companies that have expanded beyond their home markets include Zimbabwe’s Econet, Maroc Telecom (with backing from Vivendi of France), Libya’s LapGreen and Sudan’s Sudatel under the Expresso brand.

Further consolidation is expected as smaller players are finding it increasingly difficult to compete. But even the bigger pan-African operators have become potential takeover targets for even bigger global players.

Market highlights:

  • Mobile market penetration in Africa to reach 60% in 2012;
  • Unsustainable price wars are raging in some countries;
  • Mobile ARPU has bottomed in some markets but is still falling rapidly in others;
  • Some mobile operators are rolling out national fibre optic backbone networks and are entering new service sectors under converged licensing regimes;
  • Subscriber statistics and estimates for 2012 for each country;
  • Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are expected to intensify in an increasingly crowded market. 

Top 10 African countries by annual growth – mid-2011

Country

Annual growth

Ethiopia

116%

Mali

62%

Djibouti

60%

Burundi

58%

Comoros Islands

58%

Mayotte

51%

Burkina Faso

49%

Somalia

48%

Equatorial Guinea

45%

Zimbabwe

43%

(Source: BuddeComm based on various sources)

Table of Contents

  • 1. Algeria
    • 1.1 Overview of Algeria’s mobile market
      • 1.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 1.2 Regulatory issues
      • 1.2.1 Registration of subscriber details
    • 1.3 Major mobile operators
      • 1.3.1 Algerie Telecom (Mobilis)
      • 1.3.2 Orascom Telecom Algerie (Djezzy)
      • 1.3.3 Wataniya Telecom (Nedjma)
    • 1.4 Mobile handsets
    • 1.5 Tariffs
    • 1.6 ARPU
    • 1.7 Third generation (3G)
    • 1.8 GSM-R
    • 1.9 Satellite mobile
    • 1.10 Forecasts
      • 1.10.1 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
  • 2. Angola
    • 2.1 Overview of Angola’s mobile market
      • 2.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 2.2 Major mobile operators
      • 2.2.1 Movicel (Angola Telecom)
      • 2.2.2 Unitel
    • 2.3 Third generation (3G) mobile data services
    • 2.4 Satellite mobile
    • 2.5 Forecasts
      • 2.5.1 Forecast mobile market – 2013; 2016
  • 3. Benin
    • 3.1 Overview of Benin’s mobile market
      • 3.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 3.2 Major mobile operators
      • 3.2.1 MTN (Spacetel-Benin, Areeba)
      • 3.2.2 Moov (Telecel Benin)
      • 3.2.3 Libercom (Benin Telecoms)
      • 3.2.4 BBCom (Bell Benin)
      • 3.2.5 Glo Mobile Benin (Globacom)
    • 3.3 Government confrontation with MTN and Moov
    • 3.4 Satellite mobile
  • 4. Botswana
    • 4.1 Overview of Botswana’s mobile market
      • 4.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 4.2 Regulatory issues
      • 4.2.1 Backbone infrastructure
      • 4.2.2 Airtime tax
      • 4.2.3 Registration of subscriber details
    • 4.3 Major mobile operators
      • 4.3.1 Mascom Wireless
      • 4.3.2 Orange Botswana (formerly Vista Cellular)
      • 4.3.3 BeMobile (BTC)
    • 4.4 Third generation (3G)
  • 5. Burkina Faso
    • 5.1 Overview of Burkina Faso’s mobile market
      • 5.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 5.2 Major mobile operators
      • 5.2.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 5.2.2 Telmob (Onatel)
      • 5.2.3 Moov (Telecel, Etisalat)
    • 5.3 Third generation (3G)
  • 6. Burundi
    • 6.1 Overview of Burundi’s mobile market
    • 6.2 Mobile statistics
  • 7. Cameroon
    • 7.1 Overview of Cameroon’s mobile market
      • 7.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 7.2 Major mobile operators
      • 7.2.1 MTN Cameroon
      • 7.2.2 Orange CM
    • 7.3 Third mobile licence
    • 7.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
    • 7.5 Satellite mobile
    • 7.6 Forecasts
      • 7.6.1 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 2016
  • 8. Chad
    • 8.1 Overview of Chad’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 8.2 Major mobile operators
      • 8.2.1 Airtel Chad (formerly Zain)
      • 8.2.2 Millicom Chad (Tigo)
      • 8.2.3 Tchad Mobile (defunct)
    • 8.3 Satellite mobile
  • 9. Cote d’Ivoire
    • 9.1 Overview of Côte d’Ivoire’s mobile market
      • 9.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 9.2 Major mobile operators
      • 9.2.1 MTN Côte d’Ivoire (formerly Loteny)
      • 9.2.2 Orange CI
      • 9.2.3 Comium (KoZ)
      • 9.2.4 Moov (Etisalat)
      • 9.2.5 Green Network (Oricel, LapGreen)
      • 9.2.6 Warid Telecom
      • 9.2.7 Globacom
      • 9.2.8 CORA de Comstar and Aircomm CI (Historic)
    • 9.3 Satellite mobile
  • 10. Democratic Republic of Congo
    • 10.1 Overview of the DRC’s mobile market
      • 10.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 10.2 Regulatory issues
      • 10.2.1 GSM licence conditions, fees and taxes
    • 10.3 Major mobile operators
      • 10.3.1 Vodacom Congo
      • 10.3.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 10.3.3 Tigo (Millicom)
      • 10.3.4 CCT
  • 11. Djibouti
    • 11.1 Overview of the, mobile Market in Djibouti
    • 11.2 Mobile statistics
  • 12. Egypt
    • 12.1 Overview of Egypt’s mobile market
      • 12.1.1 Telecom Egypt’s mobile deal
      • 12.1.2 Third mobile licence
      • 12.1.3 Fourth mobile licence
      • 12.1.4 Mobile statistics
    • 12.2 Regulatory issues
      • 12.2.1 Tariffs
      • 12.2.2 International gateways
      • 12.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 12.2.4 Registration of user details
      • 12.2.5 GPS ban
    • 12.3 Major mobile operators
      • 12.3.1 Mobinil (ECMS)
      • 12.3.2 Vodafone Egypt
      • 12.3.3 Etisalat Misr
    • 12.4 Mobile voice services
      • 12.4.1 Prepaid services
      • 12.4.2 Satellite mobile
      • 12.4.3 Mobile VoIP
    • 12.5 3G mobile broadband
    • 12.6 Forecasts – mobile subscribers 2013; 2016
  • 13. Eritrea
    • 13.1 Overview of mobile Market in Eritrea
    • 13.2 Mobile statistics
  • 14. Ethiopia
    • 14.1 Overview of Ethiopia’s mobile market
      • 14.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 14.2 Mobile operator
      • 14.2.1 Ethio-Mobile
    • 14.3 Third generation (3G)
    • 14.4 Satellite mobile
    • 14.5 Forecasts
      • 14.5.1 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
  • 15. Gabon
    • 15.1 Overview of Gabon’s mobile market
      • 15.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 15.2 Major mobile operators
      • 15.2.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 15.2.2 Libertis (Gabon Telecom)
      • 15.2.3 Moov (Telecel Gabon)
      • 15.2.4 Azur (USAN, Bintel)
    • 15.3 3G
  • 16. Gambia
    • 16.1 Overview of Gambia’s mobile market
      • 16.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 16.2 Major mobile operators
      • 16.2.1 Gamcel
      • 16.2.2 Africell
      • 16.2.3 Comium
      • 16.2.4 QCell
      • 16.2.5 Additional licences
    • 16.3 Third generation (3G)
    • 16.4 Satellite mobile
  • 17. Ghana
    • 17.1 Overview of Ghana’s mobile market
      • 17.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 17.2 Regulatory issues
      • 17.2.1 Licensing
      • 17.2.2 Tariffs
      • 17.2.3 Interconnect
      • 17.2.4 Taxation
      • 17.2.5 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 17.2.6 Infrastructure sharing
      • 17.2.7 Registration of subscriber details
    • 17.3 Major mobile operators
      • 17.3.1 Vodafone (Ghana Telecom, OneTouch)
      • 17.3.2 MTN Ghana (formerly ScanCom, Spacefon Areeba)
      • 17.3.3 Millicom Ghana (Mobitel, Tigo)
      • 17.3.4 Kasapa
      • 17.3.5 Zain (Celtel, Westel)
      • 17.3.6 Globacom
    • 17.4 Average revenue per user (ARPU)
    • 17.5 Third generation (3G)
    • 17.6 Local handset manufacturing
    • 17.7 Satellite mobile
    • 17.8 Forecast – mobile market 2013; 2016
  • 18. Guinea
    • 18.1 Overview of Guinea’s mobile market
      • 18.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 18.2 Major mobile operators
      • 18.2.1 MTN Guinea (Areeba)
      • 18.2.2 Sotelgui (Lagui)
      • 18.2.3 Orange Guinea (formerly Spacetel Guinee)
      • 18.2.4 Intercel Guinea (formerly Télécel Guinea)
      • 18.2.5 Cellcom Guinee
    • 18.3 Satellite mobile
  • 19. Kenya
    • 19.1 Overview of Kenya’s mobile market
      • 19.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 19.2 Regulatory issues
      • 19.2.1 Interconnection
      • 19.2.2 International gateways
      • 19.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 19.2.4 Quality of Service (QoS) control
      • 19.2.5 Registration of subscriber details
      • 19.2.6 Taxes
      • 19.2.7 Tariff regulation
    • 19.3 Major mobile operators
      • 19.3.1 Safaricom Ltd
      • 19.3.2 Bharti Airtel Kenya (formerly Zain, Celtel, KenCell)
      • 19.3.3 Essar Telecom Kenya (Yu, formerly Econet)
      • 19.3.4 Orange Kenya (Telkom Kenya)
    • 19.4 Mobile voice services
      • 19.4.1 Prepaid cards
      • 19.4.2 Special regional tariffs
      • 19.4.3 International roaming
      • 19.4.4 VoIP
      • 19.4.5 Flashback
      • 19.4.6 GSM community phones
      • 19.4.7 Price war
      • 19.4.8 Low-cost handsets
      • 19.4.9 Satellite mobile
    • 19.5 3G
    • 19.6 LTE (4G)
    • 19.7 Forecasts
      • 19.7.1 Forecast mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
  • 20. Lesotho
    • 20.1 Overview of Lesotho’s mobile market
      • 20.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 20.2 Major mobile operators
      • 20.2.1 Vodacom Lesotho
      • 20.2.2 Econet Ezi-Cel
    • 20.3 Third generation (3G) mobile
    • 20.4 Satellite mobile
  • 21. Liberia
    • 21.1 Overview of Liberia’s mobile market
      • 21.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 21.2 Regulatory issues
      • 21.2.1 Licence reform
      • 21.2.2 The Comium-Liberia Act
      • 21.2.3 GSM spectrum reallocation
      • 21.2.4 Interconnection
    • 21.3 Major mobile operators
      • 21.3.1 MTN Liberia (LoneStar)
      • 21.3.2 Cellcom
      • 21.3.3 Comium
      • 21.3.4 LiberCell
    • 21.4 Additional licences
  • 22. Libya
    • 22.1 Overview of Libya’s mobile market
      • 22.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 22.2 Major mobile operators
      • 22.2.1 Al-Madar (El-Madar)
      • 22.2.2 Libyana
    • 22.3 3G/HSDPA
    • 22.4 Satellite mobile
  • 23. Madagascar
    • 23.1 Overview of Madagascar’s mobile market
      • 23.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 23.2 Major mobile operators
      • 23.2.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Madacom, Zain/Celtel)
      • 23.2.2 Orange Madagascar (formerly SMM)
      • 23.2.3 Telma Mobile
      • 23.2.4 Madamobil
    • 23.3 Mobile handsets
    • 23.4 Third generation (3G)
    • 23.5 Satellite mobile
    • 23.6 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 2016
  • 24. Malawi
    • 24.1 Overview of Malawi’s mobile market
      • 24.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 24.2 Major mobile operators
      • 24.2.1 TNM
      • 24.2.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
    • 24.3 Third and fourth mobile licence
      • 24.3.1 G-Mobile (GAIN)
    • 24.4 Third generation (3G)
    • 24.5 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 2016
  • 25. Mali
    • 25.1 Overview of Mali’s mobile market
      • 25.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 25.2 Third mobile licence
    • 25.3 Major mobile operators
      • 25.3.1 Malitel
      • 25.3.2 Orange Mali (formerly Ikatel)
    • 25.4 Third generation (3G)
  • 26. Mauritius
    • 26.1 Overview of the Mauritian mobile market
      • 26.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 26.2 Major mobile operators
      • 26.2.1 Orange (MT, Cellplus)
      • 26.2.2 Emtel
      • 26.2.3 Mahanagar (MTML)
    • 26.3 Third generation (3G)
    • 26.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 2016
  • 27. Morocco
    • 27.1 Overview of Morocco’s mobile market
    • 27.2 Mobile statistics
    • 27.3 Major mobile operators
      • 27.3.1 Maroc Telecom (IAM)
      • 27.3.2 Medi Telecom (Meditel)
      • 27.3.3 Inwi (formerly Wana)
    • 27.4 Third-generation (3G) mobile
      • 27.4.1 Licensing
      • 27.4.2 Services
    • 27.5 Satellite mobile
  • 28. Mozambique
    • 28.1 Overview of Mozambique’s mobile market
    • 28.2 Mobile statistics
    • 28.3 Major mobile operators
      • 28.3.1 mCel
      • 28.3.2 Vodacom Mozambique
    • 28.4 Third mobile licence
    • 28.5 Third generation (3G)
    • 28.6 ARPU
    • 28.7 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 2016
  • 29. Namibia
    • 29.1 Overview of Namibia’s mobile market
      • 29.1.1 The long road to Namibia’s second mobile licence
      • 29.1.2 Mobile statistics
    • 29.2 Major mobile operators
      • 29.2.1 MTC
      • 29.2.2 Cell One (Leo)
    • 29.3 Satellite mobile
  • 30. Nigeria
    • 30.1 Overview of Nigeria’s mobile market
      • 30.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 30.2 Regulatory issues
      • 30.2.1 GSM licence terms
      • 30.2.2 Interconnection
      • 30.2.3 Mobile tariffs
      • 30.2.4 International gateways
      • 30.2.5 Unified licensing regime brings new competition
      • 30.2.6 Universal service
      • 30.2.7 Mobile number portability
      • 30.2.8 Central equipment identity register
      • 30.2.9 Poor quality of service
      • 30.2.10 Registration of subscriber details
      • 30.2.11 Foreign ownership
    • 30.3 Major mobile operators
      • 30.3.1 MTN Nigeria
      • 30.3.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel Nigeria)
      • 30.3.3 Globacom
      • 30.3.4 M-Tel
      • 30.3.5 Unified service licensees
    • 30.4 3G
      • 30.4.1 Licensing
      • 30.4.2 Globacom
      • 30.4.3 Zain
      • 30.4.4 MTN
      • 30.4.5 CDMA EV-DO
    • 30.5 LTE
    • 30.6 Satellite mobile
    • 30.7 Forecasts – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
  • 31. Rwanda
    • 31.1 Overview of Rwanda’s mobile market
      • 31.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 31.2 Major mobile operators
      • 31.2.1 MTN Rwanda
      • 31.2.2 Rwandatel (formerly Terracom Mobile)
      • 31.2.3 Millicom Rwanda (Tigo)
    • 31.3 Mobile handsets
    • 31.4 Third generation (3G)
    • 31.5 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013, 2016
  • 32. Senegal
    • 32.1 Overview of Senegal’s mobile market
      • 32.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 32.2 Regulatory issues
      • 32.2.1 Mobile number portability (MNP)
      • 32.2.2 Registration of customer details
      • 32.2.3 Per-second billing (PSB)
      • 32.2.4 MVNO licences
      • 32.2.5 Millicom licence dispute
    • 32.3 Major mobile operators
      • 32.3.1 Orange (Sonatel Mobiles)
      • 32.3.2 Tigo (Sentel GSM)
      • 32.3.3 Expresso (Sudatel)
  • 33. Sierra Leone
    • 33.1 Overview of Sierra Leone’s mobile market
      • 33.1.1 Mobile licensing
      • 33.1.2 Mobile statistics
    • 33.2 Major mobile operators
      • 33.2.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 33.2.2 Comium
      • 33.2.3 Africell (Lintel)
      • 33.2.4 Tigo (now part of Africell)
      • 33.2.5 Sierratel
      • 33.2.6 Datatel
      • 33.2.7 Cellcom
      • 33.2.8 Ambitel GreenN
    • 33.3 Satellite mobile
  • 34. South Africa
    • 34.1 Overview of South Africa’s mobile market
      • 34.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 34.1.2 Market liberalisation and licence obligations
      • 34.1.3 Community service telephones (CST)
      • 34.1.4 Fixed-mobile convergence (FMC)
    • 34.2 Regulatory issues
      • 34.2.1 Prices
      • 34.2.2 Interconnection
      • 34.2.3 Handset subsidies
      • 34.2.4 International gateways
      • 34.2.5 Fees and obligations for 1800MHz spectrum
      • 34.2.6 Registration of subscriber ID
      • 34.2.7 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 34.2.8 Quality of service (QoS)
      • 34.2.9 Mobile handsets, smartphones
    • 34.3 Major mobile operators
      • 34.3.1 Vodacom South Africa
      • 34.3.2 MTN South Africa
      • 34.3.3 Cell C
      • 34.3.4 Telkom SA
      • 34.3.5 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO)
    • 34.4 3G and 3.5G (HSPA)
      • 34.4.1 Mobile broadband overview
      • 34.4.2 Vodacom
      • 34.4.3 MTN
      • 34.4.4 Cell C
      • 34.4.5 Telkom SA
    • 34.5 LTE (4G)
    • 34.6 Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013, 2016
  • 35. Sudan
    • 35.1 Overview of Sudan’s mobile market
    • 35.2 Mobile statistics
    • 35.3 Major mobile operators
      • 35.3.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain)
      • 35.3.2 MTN Sudan (Bashair Telecom, Investcom/Areeba)
      • 35.3.3 Sudani (Sudatel)
    • 35.4 Third generation (3G)
    • 35.5 Satellite mobile
    • 35.6 Southern Sudan
      • 35.6.1 Overview
      • 35.6.2 The five national operators
      • 35.6.3 Local operators
  • 36. Swaziland
    • 36.1 Overview of Swaziland’s mobile market
      • 36.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 36.2 Swazi MTN
      • 36.2.1 Shareholders
      • 36.2.2 Licence conditions
      • 36.2.3 Network rollout and coverage
      • 36.2.4 Services and tariffs
      • 36.2.5 Distribution channels
      • 36.2.6 ARPU analysis
    • 36.3 Third generation (3G)
  • 37. Tanzania
    • 37.1 Overview of Tanzania’s mobile market
      • 37.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 37.2 Major mobile operators
      • 37.2.1 Vodacom Tanzania
      • 37.2.2 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 37.2.3 Millicom Tanzania (Mobitel, Tigo)
      • 37.2.4 Zantel
    • 37.3 Tariffs
      • 37.3.1 Special regional tariffs
      • 37.3.2 Free international roaming
      • 37.3.3 Price war 2010
    • 37.4 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013, 2016
  • 38. Tunisia
    • 38.1 Overview of Tunisia’s mobile market
      • 38.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 38.2 Major mobile operators
      • 38.2.1 Tunicell (Tunisie Telecom)
      • 38.2.2 Tunisiana
      • 38.2.3 Orange Tunisie
    • 38.3 Third Generation (3G)
    • 38.4 Satellite mobile
    • 38.5 GSM-R
  • 39. Uganda
    • 39.1 Overview of Uganda’s mobile market
      • 39.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 39.2 Regulatory issues
      • 39.2.1 Licensing
      • 39.2.2 Taxes
      • 39.2.3 infrastructure sharing
    • 39.3 Major mobile operators
      • 39.3.1 MTN Uganda
      • 39.3.2 Bharti Airtel Uganda (formerly Zain, Celtel)
      • 39.3.3 Uganda Telecom Ltd (UTL)
      • 39.3.4 Warid Telecom
      • 39.3.5 Orange Uganda (HiTS Telecom)
      • 39.3.6 i-Tel
    • 39.4 Tariffs and price war
      • 39.4.1 Per-second billing
      • 39.4.2 Free calls
      • 39.4.3 Flat rates
      • 39.4.4 MTN Zone
      • 39.4.5 Free international roaming
      • 39.4.6 Forecasts – mobile market 2013; 2016
  • 40. Zambia
    • 40.1 Overview of Zambia’s mobile market
      • 40.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 40.2 Major mobile operators
      • 40.2.1 Bharti Airtel (formerly Zain/Celtel, Zamcell)
      • 40.2.2 MTN Zambia (formerly Telecel)
      • 40.2.3 Cell Z (Zamtel)
    • 40.3 Average revenue per user (ARPU)
    • 40.4 Third generation (3G)
    • 40.5 Local handset manufacturing
    • 40.6 Satellite mobile
    • 40.7 Forecasts – mobile market – 2013; 2016
  • 41. Zimbabwe
    • 41.1 Overview of Zimbabwe’s mobile market
      • 41.1.1 Mobile statistics
    • 41.2 Major mobile operators
      • 41.2.1 Econet Wireless Zimbabwe (EWZ)
      • 41.2.2 NetOne
      • 41.2.3 Telecel Zimbabwe
    • 41.3 Third generation (3G)
    • 41.4 Satellite mobile
  • 42. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Algeria – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 2 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Algeria – September 2010
  • Table 3 – Djezzy blended ARPU in Algeria – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 4 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Algeria – 2013; 2016
  • Table 5 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Angola – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 6 – Unitel 3G broadband pricing in Angola – 2011
  • Table 7 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Angola – 2013; 2016
  • Table 8 – Mobile subscriber and penetration rate in Benin – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 9 – MTN Benin ARPU – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 10 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Botswana – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 11 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Botswana – September 2010
  • Table 12 – Mascom ARPU in Botswana – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 14 – Zain Burkina Faso subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 15 – Zain Burkina Faso financial results and capital expenditure – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 16 – Telmob subscribers and ARPU in Burkina Faso – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 17 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burundi – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 18 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cameroon – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 19 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Cameroon – June 2011
  • Table 20 – MTN Cameroon ARPU – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 21 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Cameroon – 2013; 2016
  • Table 11 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 22 – Zain Chad subscribers – 2005 - 2010
  • Table 23 – Zain Chad ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 24 – Tigo Chad subscribers – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 25 – Tigo Chad quarterly ARPU – 2009 - 2010
  • Table 12 – Tchad Mobile (defunct) subscribers – 2001 - 2004
  • Table 26 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cote d Ivoire – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 27 – MTN-CI subscribers in Cote d Ivoire – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 28 – MTN Côte d’Ivoire ARPU – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 29 – Orange CI subscribers in Cote d Ivoire – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 30 – Comium CI subscribers in Cote d Ivoire – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 31 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in DRC – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 32 – Vodacom Congo subscribers in DRC – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 33 – Vodacom Congo ARPU in DRC – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 34 – Zain DRC ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 35 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Djibouti – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 36 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Egypt – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 37 – Mobinil active subscribers in Egypt – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 38 – Mobinil financial results in Egypt – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 39 – Mobinil blended monthly ARPU in Egypt – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 40 – Vodafone Egypt subscribers – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 41 – Vodafone Egypt blended monthly ARPU – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 42 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Egypt – 2013; 2016
  • Table 43 – Mobile subscribers and penetration in Eritrea – 2004 - 2012
  • Table 44 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Ethiopia – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 45 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Ethiopia – 2013; 2016
  • Table 46 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gabon – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 47 – Zain Gabon subscribers and ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 48 – Libertis subscribers and ARPU in Gabon – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 49 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gambia – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 50 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Ghana – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 51 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Ghana – May 2010
  • Table 52 – MTN Ghana ARPU – 2002 - 2010
  • Table 53 – MTN Ghana 3G mobile broadband pricing – August 2010
  • Table 54 – Vodafone Ghana 3G mobile broadband prepaid pricing – August 2010
  • Table 55 – Vodafone Ghana 3G mobile broadband postpaid pricing – August 2010
  • Table 56 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Ghana – 2013; 2016
  • Table 57 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 58 – MTN Guinea subscribers and ARPU – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 59 – Orange Guinea subscribers – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 60 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 61 – Mobile subscribers by operator and quarterly change in Kenya – September 2011
  • Table 62 – Safaricom ARPU in Kenya – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 63 – Zain Kenya ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 64 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Kenya – 2013; 2016
  • Table 65 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Lesotho – 1997 - 2012
  • Table 66 – Vodacom Lesotho subscribers, ARPU and churn rate – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 67 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Liberia – 2001 - 2012
  • Table 68 – LoneStar/MTN Liberia subscribers, ARPU and market share – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 69 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Libya – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 70 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology, and annual change in Libya – March 2010
  • Table 71 – Libyana 3G/HSDPA broadband pricing – July 2010
  • Table 72 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Madagascar – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 73 – Zain Madagascar financial data before takeover – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 74 – Orange Madagascar subscribers – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 75 – Forecast – mobile subscribers – 2013; 2016
  • Table 76 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Malawi – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 77 – TNM ARPU in Malawi – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 78 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Malawi – 2013; 2016
  • Table 79 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 80 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Mali – June 2011
  • Table 81 – Malitel subscribers and ARPU – 2008 - 2011
  • Table 82 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mauritius – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 83 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Mauritius – 2013; 2016
  • Table 84 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Morocco – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 85 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology and annual change in Morocco – September 2011
  • Table 86 – Maroc Telecom domestic mobile subscribers and market share in Morocco – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 87 – Maroc Telecom domestic blended monthly mobile ARPU and churn rate in Morocco – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 88 – Maroc Telecom domestic mobile revenue and EBIT in Morocco – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 89 – Meditel mobile subscribers and market share in Morocco – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 90 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mozambique – 1997 - 2012
  • Table 91 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Mozambique – September 2010
  • Table 92 – Vodacom Mozambique financial results – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 93 – mCel 3G prepaid pricing in Mozambique – May 2011
  • Table 94 – Vodacom 3G post-paid pricing in Mozambique – 2010 vs. 2011
  • Table 95 – Vodacom Mozambique ARPU – 2004 - 2010
  • Table 96 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Mozambique – 2013; 2016
  • Table 97 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Namibia – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 98 – MTC ARPU in Namibia – 2004 - 2010
  • Table 99 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Nigeria – 1998 - 2012
  • Table 100 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology in Nigeria – June 2011
  • Table 101 – MTN Nigeria ARPU – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 102 – Zain Nigeria ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 103 – Starcomms total and mobility/mobile subscribers in Nigeria – 2005 - 2011
  • Table 104 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Nigeria – 2013; 2016
  • Table 105 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Rwanda – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 106 – Mobile subscribers by operator in Rwanda – November 2011
  • Table 107 – MTN Rwanda ARPU – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 108 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Rwanda – 2013; 2016
  • Table 109 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Senegal – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 110 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology, annual change in Senegal – June 2011
  • Table 111 – Sonatel/Orange mobile subscribers in Senegal – 1999 - 2011
  • Table 112 – Orange mobile ARPU, prepaid versus postpaid in Senegal – 2004 - 2011
  • Table 113 – GSM licences and operations in Sierra Leone – 1998 - 2011
  • Table 114 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Sierra Leone – 2000 - 2012
  • Table 115 – Zain SL subscribers and market share in Sierra Leone – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 116 – Celtel/Zain SL ARPU in Sierra Leone – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 117 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Africa – 1994 - 2012
  • Table 118 – Vodacom South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 119 – Vodacom South Africa key statistics – year ended March 2011
  • Table 120 – MTN South Africa subscribers and market share – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 121 – MTN South Africa key statistics – six months ended June 2011
  • Table 122 – Vodacom broadband subscribers in South Africa – 2006 - 2011
  • Table 123 – Telkom SA mobile subscribers – 2009 - 2011
  • Table 124 – Forecast mobile subscribers in South Africa – 2013; 2016
  • Table 125 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Sudan – 1996 - 2012
  • Table 126 – Major mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Sudan – March 2010
  • Table 127 – Zain Sudan ARPU – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 128 – MTN Sudan ARPU – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 129 – Zain Sudan 3G/HSDPA pricing – July 2010
  • Table 130 – Zain Sudan 3G/HSDPA corporate pricing – July 2010
  • Table 131 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Swaziland – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 132 – Swazi MTN messaging prices in Swaziland – 2009; 2010
  • Table 133 – Swazi MTN ARPU in Swaziland – 2001 - 2011
  • Table 134 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tanzania – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 135 – Mobile subscribers by operator and annual change in Tanzania – September 2011
  • Table 136 – Vodacom Tanzania ARPU – 2003 - 2011
  • Table 137 – Zain Tanzania ARPU – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 138 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Tanzania – 2013; 2016
  • Table 139 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 140 – Mobile subscribers by operator, technology and annual change in Tunisia – September 2011
  • Table 141 – Tunisiana subscribers and blended monthly ARPU – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 142 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Uganda – 1996 - 2012
  • Table 143 – MTN Uganda subscribers – 2000 - 2011
  • Table 144 – MTN Uganda ARPU – 2002 - 2011
  • Table 145 – Zain Uganda subscribers – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 146 – Zain Uganda ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 147 – Forecast mobile subscribers in Uganda – 2013; 2016
  • Table 148 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Zambia – 1995 - 2012
  • Table 149 – Mobile ARPU in Zambia – Zain and MTN – 2005 - 2009/10
  • Table 150 – Forecast – mobile subscribers in Zambia – 2013; 2016
  • Table 151 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Zimbabwe – 1999 - 2012
  • Table 152 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change in Zimbabwe – March 2010
  • Chart 1 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Algeria – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 2 – Mobile operators by market share in Algeria – September 2010
  • Chart 3 – Mobile subscribers in Angola – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 4 – Mobile subscribers in Botswana – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 5 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burkina Faso – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 6 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Burundi – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 7 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cameroon – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 8 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Chad – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 9 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Cote d Ivoire – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 10 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in DRC – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 11 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Djibouti – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 12 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Egypt – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 13 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Eritrea – 2004 - 2012
  • Chart 14 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Ethiopia – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 15 – Mobile subscribers in Gabon – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 16 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Gambia – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 17 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 18 - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Kenya – 1999-2012
  • Chart 19 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Lesotho – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 20 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Liberia – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 21 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Libya – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 22 – Mobile subscribers in Madagascar – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 23 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Malawi – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 24 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mali – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 25 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mauritius – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 26 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Morocco – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 27 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Mozambique – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 28 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Namibia – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 29 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Nigeria – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 30 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Rwanda – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 31 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Senegal – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 32 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Sierra Leone – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 33 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in South Africa – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 34 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Sudan – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 35 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Swaziland – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 36 – Mobile subscribers in Tanzania – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 37 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Tunisia – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 38 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Uganda – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 39 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Zambia – 2002 - 2012
  • Chart 40 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate in Zimbabwe – 2002 - 2012
  • Exhibit 1 – An analysis of Egypt’s third mobile licence valuation
  • Exhibit 2 – Vodafone Egypt’s public listing and delisting
  • Exhibit 3 – Emergency rescue scheme for Lake Victoria in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda
  • Exhibit 4 – Nigerian Ownership battle – from EWN to Vee Networks to V-Mobile to Celtel/Zain to Bharti
  • Exhibit 5 – e-Soko in Rwanda
  • Exhibit 6 – Spotlight on Vodacom GSM community payphones in South Africa
  • Exhibit 7 – Map of Sudan
  • Exhibit 8 – Swazi MTN licence conditions in Swaziland
  • Exhibit 9 – Vodacom – in and out and back in Zambia
  • Exhibit 10 – One million dollars per minute in Zimbabwe

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