2009 Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts

Publication Overview

This annual report provides a comprehensive overview of trends and developments in Finland’s telecommunications market. The report analyses trends and developments in telecommunications, mobile, Internet, broadband, digital TV and converging media including VoIP, VoD and IPTV developments.

 

Subjects include:

·         Key statistics;

·         Market and industry overviews;

·         Industry and regulatory issues;

·         Major players (fixed, mobile and broadband);

·         Mobile voice and data markets;

·         Internet and broadband development;

·         Convergence (voice/data, fixed/wireless/mobile);

·         Telecom market forecasts for selective years to 2015 or 2019.

 

 

Researcher:- Henry Lancaster

Current publication date: January 2010 (8th Edition)

Next publication date:- January 2011

 

Executive Summary

BuddeComm’s annual publication, Finland - Telecoms, IP Networks, Digital Media and Forecasts, provides a comprehensive overview of the trends and developments in the telecommunications and digital media markets in Ireland.

 

Finland’s telecom market is dominated by four providers: the Finnet Group, TeliaSonera, Elisa and DNA, founded in 2007 by six of the largest operators which broke away from the Finnet Group and which now controls Finnet’s mobile network business. The country has traditionally been at the forefront of telecom technologies and innovation, particularly in the mobile and broadband sectors.

 

Finland was one of the first EU countries to develop a national fibre network to future-proof the country’s requirements for telecom and IP-delivered services. Its aim to provide a 100Mb/s connection to all households and businesses by 2015, remains among the most ambitious in Europe.

 

Overall telecom market revenue has fallen steadily since 2007. Little respite is anticipated for operators in the fixed-line and broadcasting sectors in 2010. However, nearly half of all turnover is from the resilient mobile sector despite it having been affected most from regulatory measures and stiff competition. Turnover from fixed-line telephony will continue to fall in coming years in line with lower access and call charges, consumer migration to VoIP and the substitution of fixed-line for mobile telephony.

 

Nevertheless, there is considerable scope for further telecom development as the country moves towards a resilient All-IP future. The bulk of tangible investments in telecom networks has been in developing the mobile sector, which has been buttressed by technologies including LTE and HSPA+ as well as the allocation of sub-1GHz spectrum for 3G use.

 

Finland – key telecom parameters – 2008; 2010

Sector

2008

2010 (e)

Broadband:

 

 

 

Fixed broadband subscribers (million)

1.44

1.54

Fixed broadband penetration rate

34.6%

41.0%

Mobile broadband subscribers

439,000

1,200,000

Subscribers to telecoms services:

 

 

 

Fixed-line telephony (million)

1.65

1.1

Mobile phone (million)

7.75

8.03

Mobile penetration (population)

139%

145%

(Source: BuddeComm)

 

Key highlights

·         The mobile sector share in overall revenue has been steady at about 48% in recent years. This share is unlikely to drop in future given the considerable investment in network upgrades. All three MNOs reported steady revenue in 2009, despite regulated measures affecting roaming and interconnection tariffs, as well as competition from number of MVNOs.

·         The mobile and mobile broadband sectors are excellently placed given Finland’s pioneering allocation of 450MHz spectrum for digital mobile services. All three MNOs have also used the 900MHz band to build out their 3G networks.

·         The government’s national Broadband Action Plan has set out one of Europe’s most ambitious fibre deployments, aiming to provide 100Mb/s to all citizens by 2015, part funded by public funds and part through an innovative tax on operator revenues. The success of this enterprise will in coming years provide a lesson for other European markets struggling with less ambitious policies.

·         Mobile broadband subscribers using operators’ HSPA networks have been the largest contributor to overall broadband growth in recent years. Excellent network infrastructure will be supplemented by LTE deployments during 2010 on the back of November 2009 launches by TeliaSonera in neighbouring Norway and Sweden. By 2011 about 30% of all mobile subscribers are expected to be on HSPA networks.

 

Data in this report is the latest available at the time of preparation and may not be for the current year.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Key Statistics
  • 2. Telecommunications market
    • 2.1 Overview of Finland’s telecom market
  • 3. Regulatory environment
    • 3.1 History
    • 3.2 Regulatory authorities
    • 3.3 Telecom sector liberalisation in Norway
      • 3.3.1 Privatisation of Telecom Finland
      • 3.3.2 Interconnect
      • 3.3.3 Access
      • 3.3.4 Number portability (NP)
      • 3.3.5 Carrier preselection
  • 4. Fixed network market
    • 4.1 Overview and statistics
    • 4.2 TeliaSonera
    • 4.3 Finnet Group
    • 4.4 DNA
    • 4.5 Elisa Corporation
    • 4.6 TDC Finland
    • 4.7 Tele2
  • 5. Telecommunications Infrastructure
    • 5.1 National telecom network
    • 5.2 Next Generation Network
    • 5.3 International infrastructure
  • 6. Broadband market
    • 6.1 Overview
      • 6.1.1 National Broadband Strategy
      • 6.1.2 Universal Service
      • 6.1.3 Broadband statistics
    • 6.2 Cable modems
    • 6.3 Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
      • 6.3.1 Very High Speed Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL)
    • 6.4 Fibre-to-the-Home (FttH) networks
    • 6.5 Broadband Powerline (BPL)
    • 6.6 Mobile broadband
    • 6.7 Wireless broadband
      • 6.7.1 Wireless LANS
      • 6.7.2 WiMAX/WiFi
      • 6.7.3 Fixed Wireless Access (FWA)
  • 7. Digital media
    • 7.1 Convergence
      • 7.1.1 Key general trends
      • 7.1.2 Business models -triple play
    • 7.2 Digital TV
      • 7.2.1 Overview
      • 7.2.2 National licences
      • 7.2.3 Regional licences
      • 7.2.4 Digital dividend
      • 7.2.5 Broadband (IPTV)
      • 7.2.6 Cable TV
      • 7.2.7 Satellite-based digital pay TV developments
      • 7.2.8 Free-to-Air (FTA) TV
      • 7.2.9 Digital Terrestrial TV (DTTV)
      • 7.2.10 VoIP
      • 7.2.11 Interactive TV (iTV)
  • 8. Mobile communications
    • 8.1 Overview of Finland’s mobile market
      • 8.1.1 Mobile statistics
      • 8.1.2 Operator market shares
    • 8.2 Regulatory issues
      • 8.2.1 Spectrum regulations and spectrum auctions
      • 8.2.2 Roaming
      • 8.2.3 Mobile Number Portability (MNP)
      • 8.2.4 Mobile termination rates (MTRs)
    • 8.3 Mobile technologies
      • 8.3.1 Digital
      • 8.3.2 Third Generation (3G) mobile
    • 8.4 Major mobile operators
      • 8.4.1 TeliaSonera
      • 8.4.2 DNA
      • 8.4.3 Elisa
      • 8.4.4 Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
    • 8.5 Mobile voice services
      • 8.5.1 Prepaid cards
    • 8.6 Mobile data services
      • 8.6.1 Overview
      • 8.6.2 Short Message Service (SMS)
      • 8.6.3 Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS)
      • 8.6.4 General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
      • 8.6.5 High-Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
      • 8.6.6 High-Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
      • 8.6.7 Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
      • 8.6.8 Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex Access (OFDMA)
      • 8.6.9 Unlicensed Mobile Access (UMA)
    • 8.7 Mobile content and applications
      • 8.7.1 Location based services
      • 8.7.2 Mobile TV
      • 8.7.3 Mobile broadband
  • 9. Forecasts
    • 9.1 Forecasts – Fixed-line broadband subscribers – 2009-2012; 2019
      • 9.1.1 Scenario 1 – higher broadband subscriber growth
      • 9.1.2 Scenario 2 – lower broadband subscriber growth
    • 9.2 Forecasts – Mobile ARPU – 2009-2010; 2015
    • 9.3 Forecasts – UMTS subscribers – 2009-2010; 2015
  • 10. Glossary of Abbreviations
  • Table 1 – Country statistics Finland – 2009
  • Table 2 – Telephone network statistics – June 2009
  • Table 3 – Internet user statistics – September 2009
  • Table 4 – Broadband statistics – June 2009
  • Table 5 – Mobile statistics – September 2009
  • Table 6 – National telecommunications authorities
  • Table 7 – Telecom revenue and annual change – 2003 - 2008
  • Table 8 – Household penetration rate of select telecom services – 2009
  • Table 9 – Telecom revenue by sector – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 10 – Share of telecom revenue by sector – 2003 - 2007
  • Table 11 – Telco operator assets and network investments – 2003 - 2008
  • Table 12 – Unbundled loops and access lines – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 13 – LLU, shared access price - connection, monthly rental – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 14 – TeliaSonera LLU accesses – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 15 – Cumulative fixed numbers ported – 2006 - 2008
  • Table 16 – Fixed-line operators’ market share – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 17 – Fixed-line connections and traffic in minutes – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 18 – TeliaSonera (Finland) mobile and broadband revenue – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 19 – TeliaSonera (Finland) subscribers by sector – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 20 – TeliaSonera (Finland) broadband ARPU – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 21 – DNA revenue by sector – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 22 – DNA subscribers by sector – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 23 – Elisa fixed network subscribers by sector – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 24 – Elisa revenue by sector – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 25 – Elisa financial data – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 26 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 27 – Broadband market share by operator – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 28 – Broadband market share by sector – 2008 - 2009
  • Table 29 – Internet users and penetration rate – 1995 - 2010
  • Table 30 – Broadband subscribers and penetration rate – cable, DSL – 2000 - 2009
  • Table 31 – Housing corporation broadband subscribers (regulator data) – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 32 – Broadband subscribers - WLAN, BPL – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 33 – Broadband penetration by technology – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 34 – Broadband lines by service – 2006; 2008 - 2009
  • Table 35 – Activities of Internet users – 2005 - 2008
  • Table 36 – Elisa broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 37 – TeliaSonera Internet and broadband subscribers – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 38 – TeliaSonera broadband ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 39 – Broadband delivery by technology – 2015
  • Table 40 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 41 – WLAN subscribers – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 42 – Digital TV subscribers and penetration rate – 2003 - 2010
  • Table 43 – Digital TV reception by technology – 2007; 2009
  • Table 44 – Cable TV subscribers – 1995 - 2010
  • Table 45 – Elisa cable TV subscribers – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 46 – Satellite TV subscribers and penetration rate – 1995 - 2009
  • Table 47 – Mobile revenue as proportion to total telecom revenue – 1998 - 2009
  • Table 48 – Mobile operators, subscribers and annual change – September 2009
  • Table 49 – Mobile subscribers and penetration rate – 1995; 1997; 1999 - 2010
  • Table 50 – Calls and call minutes originating in mobile networks – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 51 – Mobile operators – monthly ARPU – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 52 – Mobile market share by operator (regulator data) – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 53 – 2.6GHz auction results – November 2009
  • Table 54 – European roaming charges – 2007 - 2011
  • Table 55 – Cumulative mobile numbers ported – 2004 - 2008
  • Table 56 – Mobile termination charges by operator – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 57 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile financial data – 2005 - 2009
  • Table 58 – TeliaSonera Finland blended ARPU – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 59 – TeliaSonera Finland mobile subscribers – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 60 – DNA financial data and monthly ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 61 – DNA mobile subscribers – 2007 - 2009
  • Table 62 – Elisa mobile financial data – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 63 – Elisa mobile subscribers in Finland and Estonia – 2004 - 2009
  • Table 64 – Elisa mobile operating statistics and ARPU – 2006 - 2009
  • Table 65 – TeliaSonera subscribers and proportion prepaid – 2002 - 2009
  • Table 66 – Mobile data sent in terabytes – 2006 - 2010
  • Table 67 – SMS messages sent and annual change – 1999 - 2009
  • Table 68 – TeliaSonera SMS messages sent (historic) – 2002 - 2006
  • Table 69 – MMS messages sent and annual change – 2003 - 2009
  • Table 70 – Mobile broadband subscribers – 2007 - 2010
  • Table 71 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – higher market growth scenario – 2009 - 2012; 2019
  • Table 72 – Forecast fixed-line broadband subscribers – lower market growth scenario 2009 - 2012; 2019
  • Table 73 – Forecast mobile ARPU - 2005 - 2010; 2015
  • Table 74 – Forecast UMTS subscribers – 2006 - 2010; 2015
  • Exhibit 1 – EU – The New Regulatory Framework (NRF)
  • Exhibit 2 – Access and the local loop
  • Exhibit 3 – Chart of broadband connections & market shares by operator – 2006 - 2009
  • Exhibit 4 – Overview of media convergence
  • Exhibit 5 – Sample 3G infrastructure suppliers in Finland
  • Exhibit 6 – Premium SMS market overview – 2005

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