2008 South Pacific Islands - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband

Publication Overview

Islands covered include: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa , Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu.

For those needing detailed overviews and statistics on the South Pacific Islands region, this report provides essential reading and gives in-depth information on:


  • An overall market overview and statistics for each South Pacific Island;
  • Telecommunications infrastructure;
  • Regulatory developments;
  • Broadband and mobile developments;
  • Fixed network voice.

 

Executive Summary

Less than half of all Pacific Islanders have a phone and generally only had one supplier for any particular fixed, mobile or Internet service. Internet cafes and telecentres help to address the issue of low Internet penetration. To communicate outside the region, most islands are in a satellite footprint and both Fiji and Guam are connected by submarine cable.

Penetration rates of telecom services in the region remain comparatively low, although mobile and Internet penetration have gained traction in some of the more highly populated and developed islands such as Fiji, PNG and Guam. Access to basic telecom services remains relatively expensive.

Following the 2007 Pacific Islands Forum in Tonga, officials revealed that strong progress had been made to the digital connectivity plan. The strategy largely comprises two parts, a dedicated Pacific Islands satellite system sponsored by Australia, and the construction of a new cable connecting the 12 member nations and partially funded by the French government. Pacific leaders are aiming for a 2008 implementation of a major new undersea cable network and satellite links servicing island nations throughout the region.

Mobile telephony is expected to continue outpacing growth in fixed-line connections as the market moves into 2008. New technologies are gaining ground in some island countries. Several of the South Pacific nations are upgrading satellite links to outer islands, installing wireless broadband and upgrading fixed-line broadband capability and some are rolling out high-speed ADSL2+ broadband. There is strong interest amongst South Pacific operators regarding WiMAX as a communications solution.

In November 2007 Fiji’s first licensed VoIP service provider, VoiceNetIP (Fiji) Ltd, planned to launch commercial operations after waiting three years for its VoIP licence.

Market overview

  • The islands comprised a total economic market of about US$20 billion. The Pacific Islands Trade Agreement (PICTA) governs the tiny proportion of trade that is conducted between the islands themselves in the region.
  • In November 2007, after a lengthy process, the Fiji interim government passed a New Telecommunications Bill that fully deregulated Fiji’s telecom sector. The New Bill effectively ends the exclusive privileges granted to Telecom Fiji, Fintel and Vodafone Fiji.
  • The Pacific Island Countries have three major options in terms of improving telecommunications access – satellite communications, submarine cable, and mobile wireless computing.
  • There are few submarine cables in the region, therefore, satellite communications plays a critical role in both the national and international infrastructure.
  • Mobile telephony is expected to continue outpacing growth in fixed-line connections as the market moves into 2008.

Broadband

  • Fixed-line broadband via ADSL, WiFi (wireless broadband via hotspots), fixed access wireless broadband and satellite broadband are now available in number of countries (see below).
  • Several South Pacific nations are upgrading satellite links to outer islands, installing wireless broadband and upgrading fixed-line broadband capability with a number rolling out high-speed ADSL2+ broadband.
  • There is strong interest amongst South Pacific operators regarding WiMAX as a communications solution. Operators are attracted by its relatively low-cost, simplicity and mobility upgrade path.
  • By July 2007, Paclink’s WiMAX installation had seen Fiji’s Fintel claim 68% of its Phase 1 target market, which comprised large enterprises and government departments, in Suva.
  • By July 2007 a wireless broadband WiMAX project was planned for OPT in New Caledonia as well as Tahiti later in 2007 by WiMAX vendor Paclink.
  • The University of the South Pacific reported that by late 2007, there should be an island-wide WiFi network installed on Nauru – the world’s first ever island-wide WiFi/WIMAX network powered by Renewable Energy.
  • WiFi services are now available throughout Tonga.

Broadband availability by access type - 2007 - 2008

Country Fixed-line ADSL WiFi Fixed wireless Satellite
Niue - X - -
Guam X X - -
New Caledonia X - - -
French Polynesia X - - X
Cook Islands X X - -
Papua New Guinea X X - X
Fiji X X X -
Vanuatu X - - -
Tonga - X X -
(Source: BuddeComm based on industry data)

Mobile

  • GSM networks have been growing in the region, with 14 islands groups connected with GSM-900/1900 networks.
  • In 2006 a choice of mobile operators was available only in Tonga (two cellular networks), Guam (five networks) and North Mariana Islands (three networks), while the remaining South Pacific countries still had monopoly providers.
  • In October 2007 GUAMCELL launched a GSM overlay across the island.
  • By 2007 Samoa had two additional new cellular providers in operation – Digicel Samoa Ltd, launched in 2006 and incumbent fixed-line provider SamoaTel, which launched services in 2007.

Table of Contents

1.MARKET OVERVIEW
1.1Regional overview
1.1.1Population and economy
1.2Telecommunications market
1.2.1Overview of telecoms in Pacific Island countries
1.2.2Network reliability issues and mobile fraud
1.3Regulatory environment
1.3.1Overview
1.3.2Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT)
1.3.3Pacific Islands Forum and its Secretariat
1.4Major international players in the region
1.4.1Alcatel Pacific Islands
1.4.2Cable & Wireless (C&W)
1.4.3Paclink
1.4.4Vodafone
1.5Telecommunications infrastructure
1.5.1Overview
1.5.2Next Generation Network (NGN) developments
1.5.3International infrastructure
1.6Internet market
1.6.1Overview
1.6.2Efforts to bridge the digital divide
1.7Broadband market
1.7.1Overview
1.7.2Key broadband developments
1.8Mobile communications
1.8.1Overview of South Pacific Islands mobile market
1.8.2Mobile developments
1.9VoIP
2.OVERVIEW BY ISLAND
2.1American Samoa
2.1.1Key statistics
2.1.2Country overview
2.1.3Telecommunications market
2.1.4Regulatory environment
2.1.5Fixed network operator in American Samoa
2.1.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.1.7Internet market
2.1.8Broadband market
2.1.9Mobile communications
2.2Cook Islands
2.2.1Key statistics
2.2.2Country overview
2.2.3Telecommunications market
2.2.4Regulatory environment
2.2.5Fixed network operators in Cook Islands
2.2.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.2.7Internet market
2.2.8Broadband market
2.2.9Mobile communications
2.2.10Broadcasting
2.3Federated States of Micronesia
2.3.1Key statistics
2.3.2Country overview
2.3.3Telecommunications market
2.3.4Regulatory environment
2.3.5Fixed network operators in FSM
2.3.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.3.7Internet market
2.3.8Mobile communications
2.3.9Broadcasting
2.3.10Radio via Internet streaming
2.4Fiji
2.4.1Key statistics
2.4.2Telecommunications market
2.4.3Regulatory environment
2.4.4Fixed network operators in Fiji
2.4.5Telecommunications infrastructure
2.4.6Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
2.4.7Internet market
2.4.8Broadband market
2.4.9Mobile communications
2.5French Polynesia
2.5.1Key statistics
2.5.2Country overview
2.5.3Telecommunications market
2.5.4Fixed network operators in French Polynesia
2.5.5Telecommunications infrastructure
2.5.6Internet market
2.5.7Broadband market
2.5.8Mobile communications
2.6Guam
2.6.1Key statistics
2.6.2Country overview
2.6.3Telecommunications market
2.6.4Regulatory environment
2.6.5Fixed network operators in Guam
2.6.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.6.7Internet market
2.6.8Broadband market
2.6.9Mobile communications
2.7Kiribati
2.7.1Key statistics
2.7.2Country overview
2.7.3Telecommunications market
2.7.4Regulatory environment
2.7.5Fixed network operators in Kiribati
2.7.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.7.7Internet market
2.7.8Mobile communications
2.8Marshall Islands
2.8.1Key statistics
2.8.2Country overview
2.8.3Telecommunications market
2.8.4Regulatory environment
2.8.5Fixed network operator in Marshall Islands
2.8.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.8.7Internet market
2.8.8Mobile communications
2.9Nauru
2.9.1Key statistics
2.9.2Country overview
2.9.3Telecommunications market
2.9.4Regulatory environment
2.9.5Telecommunications infrastructure
2.9.6Internet market
2.9.7Mobile communications
2.10New Caledonia
2.10.1Key statistics
2.10.2Country overview
2.10.3Telecommunications market
2.10.4Regulatory environment
2.10.5Telecommunications infrastructure
2.10.6Internet market
2.10.7Broadband market
2.10.8Mobile communications
2.11Niue
2.11.1Key statistics
2.11.2Country overview
2.11.3Telecommunications market
2.11.4Regulatory environment
2.11.5Fixed network operators in Niue
2.11.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.11.7Internet market
2.11.8Broadband market
2.11.9Mobile communications
2.12Northern Mariana Islands
2.12.1Key statistics
2.12.2Country overview
2.12.3Telecommunications market
2.12.4Regulatory environment
2.12.5Fixed network operators in CNMI
2.12.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.12.7Internet market
2.12.8Mobile communications
2.12.9Broadcasting
2.13Palau
2.13.1Key statistics
2.13.2Country overview
2.13.3Telecommunications market
2.13.4Fixed network operator in Palau
2.13.5Telecommunications infrastructure
2.13.6Broadband and Internet market
2.13.7Mobile communications
2.13.8Broadcasting
2.14Papua New Guinea
2.14.1Key statistics
2.14.2Country overview
2.14.3Telecommunications market
2.14.4Regulatory environment
2.14.5Fixed network operators in PNG
2.14.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.14.7Internet market
2.14.8Mobile communications
2.14.9Broadcasting
2.15Pitcairn Island
2.15.1Key statistics
2.15.2Country overview
2.15.3Telecommunications market
2.15.4Internet market
2.16Samoa
2.16.1Key statistics
2.16.2Telecommunications market
2.16.3Regulatory environment
2.16.4Fixed network operator in Samoa
2.16.5Telecommunications infrastructure
2.16.6Internet and broadband market
2.16.7Mobile communications
2.17Solomon Islands
2.17.1Key statistics
2.17.2Country overview
2.17.3Telecommunications market
2.17.4Regulatory environment
2.17.5Fixed network operators in Solomon Islands
2.17.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.17.7Internet market
2.17.8Broadband market
2.17.9Mobile communications
2.17.10Broadcasting
2.18Tokelau
2.18.1Key statistics
2.18.2Country overview
2.18.3Telecommunications market
2.18.4Fixed network operator in Tokelau
2.18.5Telecommunications infrastructure
2.18.6Internet market
2.19Tonga
2.19.1Key statistics
2.19.2Country overview
2.19.3Telecommunications market
2.19.4Regulatory environment
2.19.5Fixed network operators in Tonga
2.19.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.19.7Broadband and Internet market
2.19.8Mobile communications
2.20Tuvalu
2.20.1Key statistics
2.20.2Country overview
2.20.3Telecommunications market
2.20.4Regulatory environment
2.20.5Fixed network operator in Tuvalu
2.20.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.20.7Internet market
2.21Vanuatu
2.21.1Key statistics
2.21.2Country overview
2.21.3Telecommunications market
2.21.4Regulatory environment
2.21.5Fixed network operators in Vanuatu
2.21.6Telecommunications infrastructure
2.21.7Broadband and Internet market
2.21.8Content and e-services
2.21.9Mobile communications
2.22Wallis & Futuna Islands
2.22.1Key statistics
2.22.2Country overview
2.22.3Telecommunications market
2.22.4Internet market
2.22.5Broadcasting
3.GLOSSARY OF ABBREVIATIONS
Exhibit 1 – Principal C&W operating companies and services in the South Pacific
Exhibit 2 – Major submarine cables and landing points in the Pacific region
Exhibit 3 – Broadband technologies used in South Pacific Islands – 2007 - 2008
Exhibit 4 – South Pacific Island countries and operators with GSM networks
Exhibit 5 – Guam ISPs and broadband providers – products and services
Exhibit 6 – GUAMCELL products and services
Exhibit 7 – HafaTEL products and services
Exhibit 8 – Rising sea levels threaten Tuvalu
Exhibit 9 – AusAID project


Table 1 – GDP growth rates (percent) in selected Pacific Island countries – 1998 - 2005
Table 2 – Population and GDP statistics (selected countries) – 2006
Table 3 – Fixed lines and teledensity (selected countries) – 2005 - 2006
Table 4 – Internet users and penetration (selected countries) – 2004 - 2007
Table 5 – Mobile subscribers and penetration (selected countries) – July 2007
Table 6 – Country statistics American Samoa – 2007
Table 7 – Telephone network statistics – 2001
Table 8 – Internet provider statistics – 2007
Table 9 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 10 – National telecommunications authorities
Table 11 - Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2001
Table 12 – Mobile operators, technology, subscribers and annual change – July 2007
Table 13 – Mobile subscribers – 1994 - 1996; 2001; 2004 - 2007
Table 14 – Country statistics Cook Islands – 2007
Table 15 – Telephone network statistics – 2002
Table 16 – Internet provider statistics – 2005
Table 17 – Internet user statistics – 2005
Table 18 – Mobile statistics – September 2006
Table 19 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity (historical) – 1997 - 2002
Table 20 – Internet users and penetration – 2001 - 2002; 2005
Table 21 – Mobile subscribers and penetration – 1997 - 2003; 2005 - 2006
Table 22 – Country statistics Federated States of Micronesia – 2007
Table 23 – Telephone network statistics – 2006
Table 24 – Internet provider statistics – 2006
Table 25 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 26 – Mobile statistics – 2006
Table 27 – National telecommunications authority
Table 28 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2001; 2003 - 2006
Table 29 – Internet users – 1996 - 2006
Table 30 – Internet host computers – 1995 - 2003; 2005; 2007
Table 31 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1998 - 2006
Table 32 – Country statistics Fiji – 2007
Table 33 – Telephone network statistics – 2006
Table 34 – Internet provider statistics – 2005
Table 35 – Internet user statistics – 2007
Table 36 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 37 – National telecommunications authority
Table 38 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2006
Table 39 – Internet users and annual change – 1996 - 2006
Table 40 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1995 - 2007
Table 41 – Country statistics French Polynesia – 2007
Table 42 – Telephone network statistics – 2006
Table 43 – Internet provider statistics – 2006
Table 44 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 45 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 46 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2002; 2004 - 2006
Table 47 – Internet users – 1998 - 2002; 2004 - 2006
Table 48 – Internet host computers – 1995 - 2005; 2007
Table 49 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1995 - 2007
Table 50 – Country statistics Guam – 2007
Table 51 – Telephone network statistics – 2007
Table 52 – Internet provider statistics – 2007
Table 53 – Internet user statistics – 2007
Table 54 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 55 – National telecommunications authorities
Table 56 – Fixed lines in service – 1995 - 2003; 2005 - 2007
Table 57 – Internet users – 1997; 2000 - 2002; 2004 - 2007
Table 58 – Internet host computers – 1995 - 2003; 2005; 2007
Table 59 - Mobile operators, technology, subscribers and annual change – July 2007
Table 60 – Mobile subscribers – 1994 - 2002; 2004 - 2007
Table 61 – HafaTEL mobile subscribers – 2004; 2006 - 2007
Table 62 – Country statistics Kiribati – 2007
Table 63 – Telephone network statistics – 2006
Table 64 – Internet provider statistics – 2007
Table 65 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 66 – Mobile statistics – September 2006
Table 67 – National telecommunications authority
Table 68 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 – 2002; 2006
Table 69 – Payphones in operation throughout Kiribati – 2006
Table 70 – Mobile subscribers – 1998 - 2003; 2005 - 2006
Table 71 – Country statistics Marshall Islands – 2007
Table 72 – Telephone network statistics – 2004
Table 73 – Internet provider statistics – 2007
Table 74 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 75 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 76 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2004
Table 77 – Internet users – 1998 - 1999; 2001; 2003 - 2004; 2006
Table 78 – Internet host computers – 1996 - 2005; 2007
Table 79 – Mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2007
Table 80 – Country statistics Nauru – 2007
Table 81 – Telephone network statistics – 2002
Table 82 – Internet provider statistics – 2003
Table 83 – Mobile statistics – 2002
Table 84 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1997 - 2002
Table 85 – Country statistics New Caledonia – 2007
Table 86 – Telephone network statistics – 2006
Table 87 – Internet provider statistics – 2006
Table 88 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 89 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 90 – National telecommunications authority
Table 91 – Fixed lines in service – 1995 - 1996; 1998 - 2006
Table 92 – Internet users – 1999 - 2006
Table 93 – Broadband users – 2006
Table 94 – Internet subscribers by type – 2005
Table 95 – Internet host computers – 1995 - 2005
Table 96 – Mobile service revenues and increase – 2004
Table 97 – Mobile subscribers – 1997 - 2007
Table 98 – Country statistics Niue – 2007
Table 99 – Telephone network statistics – 2004
Table 100 – Internet provider statistics – 2005
Table 101 – Internet user statistics – 2005
Table 102 – Mobile statistics – September 2006
Table 103 – National telecommunications authority
Table 104 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2004
Table 105 – Country statistics Northern Mariana Islands – 2007
Table 106 – Telephone network statistics – 2001
Table 107 – Internet provider statistics – 2005
Table 108 – Internet user statistics – 2001
Table 109 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 110 – National telecommunications authority
Table 111 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2001
Table 112 – Mobile operators, technology and subscribers – July 2007
Table 113 – Mobile subscribers – 1999; 2001; 2002; 2005 - 2007
Table 114 – Country statistics Palau – 2007
Table 115 – Telephone network statistics – 2002
Table 116 – Internet provider statistics – 2007
Table 117 – Internet user statistics – 2002
Table 118 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 119 – Fixed lines in service – 1998 - 2002
Table 120 – Internet users – 1998 - 2002
Table 121 – Mobile subscribers – 2001 - 2002; 2005 - 2007
Table 122 – Country statistics Papua New Guinea – 2007
Table 123 – Telephone network statistics – 2005
Table 124 – Internet provider statistics – 2006
Table 125 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 126 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 127 – National telecommunications authorities
Table 128 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2002; 2004 - 2005
Table 129 – Internet users – 1998 - 1999; 2001 - 2006
Table 130 – Internet host computers – 1997 – 2005; 2007
Table 131 – Mobile operators, technology, subscribers and annual change – July 2007
Table 132 – Country statistics Pitcairn Island - 2007
Table 133 – Telecommunication statistics - 2003
Table 134 – Country statistics Samoa – 2007
Table 135 – Telecom revenue and investment statistics – 2003
Table 136 – Telephone network statistics – 2006
Table 137 – Internet provider statistics – 2005
Table 138 – Internet user statistics – 2004
Table 139 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 140 – National telecommunications authority
Table 141 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2006
Table 142 – Internet users and penetration – 1997 - 2004
Table 143 – Internet host computers – 1998 - 2005
Table 144 – Country statistics Solomon Islands – 2007
Table 145 – Telephone network statistics – 2005
Table 146 – Internet provider statistics – 2006
Table 147 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 148 – Mobile statistics – 2005
Table 149 – National telecommunications authority
Table 150 – Fixed lines in service – 1998 - 2005
Table 151 – Internet users – 1998 - 2001; 2004 - 2006
Table 152 – Internet host computers – 1995 - 2005; 2007
Table 153 – Mobile subscribers – 1995 - 2001; 2004 - 2005
Table 154 – Country statistics Tokelau – 2007
Table 155 – Telephone network statistics – 2001
Table 156 – Country statistics Tonga – 2007
Table 157 – Telephone network statistics – 2004
Table 158 – Internet provider statistics – 2005
Table 159 – Internet user statistics – 2004
Table 160 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 161 – National telecommunications authority
Table 162 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2002; 2004
Table 163 – Internet users – 1998 - 2002; 2004
Table 164 – Internet host computers – 1995 - 2005
Table 165 – Mobile subscribers and annual change – 1998 - 2007
Table 166 – Mobile operators, technology and subscribers – July 2007
Table 167 – Country statistics Tuvalu – 2007
Table 168 – Telephone network statistics – 2006
Table 169 – Internet provider statistics – 2007
Table 170 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 171 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1998 - 2001
Table 172 – Internet subscribers – 2002 - 2006
Table 173 – Examples of prices paid for premium .tv domains
Table 174 – Country statistics Vanuatu – 2007
Table 175 – Telephone network statistics – 2004
Table 176 – Internet provider statistics – 2007
Table 177 – Internet user statistics – 2006
Table 178 – Mobile statistics – July 2007
Table 179 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1995 - 2001; 2003 - 2004
Table 180 – Fixed-line connections by province and percentage of service – July 2003
Table 181 – Internet users – 1999 – 2004; 2006
Table 182 – Broadband users – 2006
Table 183 – Internet host computers – 1996 – 2005; 2007
Table 184 – Mobile subscribers – 1996 - 2007
Table 185 – Mobile subscribers by location and quarterly growth – July 2003
Table 186 – Country statistics Wallis & Futuna Islands – 2007
Table 187 – Telephone network statistics – 2004
Table 188 – Internet statistics – 2003
Table 189 – Fixed lines in service and teledensity – 1996 - 2004

Annual Publication profile

Technologies

Broadband Fixed
Internet
Mobile Communications (voice and infrastructure)
Strategies & Analyses (Industry & Markets)
Telecoms Infrastructure

Number of pages: 222

Status: Archived

Last update: 19 December 2007
View update history

Analyst: Stephen McNamara

NOTE: This report has been archived

See related reports...

Single-User PDF Licence: US$250.00EX GST
Member Discounts Apply
Purchase
License Information

Your Cart

Your Cart is empty

Purchase with Confidence

"Moreover, the customer service personnel at BuddeComm helped me remedy an administrative problem within 5 minutes of sending the request...seriously, less than 5 minutes. All in all, Budde.com is a well-functioning organization with a useful product."

Eli Jellenc, VeriSign-iDefense Security Intelligence Services

» More from our customers..

Special Offers

More than 4,000 customers from 140 countries utilise BuddeComm Research

Are you interested in BuddeComm's Consulting Services ?

Quick Search

News & Views

Have the latest telecommunications industry news delivered to your inbox by subscribing to Paul's FREE weekly News & Views.

Contact us

Email     pbc@budde.com.au

Copyright © 2014 Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd. All rights reserved. All trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective holders. Design by Arcaeda | Hosted by Ipera